HomeHow ToHow to Create a Bootable Pendrive using CMD

How to Create a Bootable Pendrive using CMD [MBR + GPT]

If you have just set up your new PC build or updating your old PC to a newer Windows version, you may need a bootable Pendrive which has got the Windows Operating System on it. A USB boot is a process in which computer hardware can be enabled to get all essential system booting information and files instead of a hard disk or a CD drive.

How does USB Boot work?

USB Boot works the same way a floppy disk was earlier used to boot a computer up. It is mostly used to repair, recover, or install an operating system from scratch. To perform a USB boot, first, you would have to create a bootable USB device.

This can be done using your own PC or other third-party utilities. Then the software will copy all the operating system files and boot the sequence into the USB drive/pen drive to enable the USB boot. In order to create a bootable USB, you would need a USB drive/pen drive with a minimum of 8 GB of storage.

The Pendrive first needs to be completely formatted before the procedure.

Formatting the USB Drive (using diskpart)

1. First, you have to run cmd (Command Prompt) as an Administrator. This is an important step because you are going to edit disks that require admin privileges. There are several ways to open a command prompt with admin rights:

i) Press Windows + X and select Command Prompt (Admin).
ii) Open start menu, search cmd, right-click, and click run as administrator.
iii) Open task manager, click on File > New Task, tick on Create this task with Administrator privileges, type cmd and hit Enter.

2. Connect your USB drive to your computer.

3. Type “diskpart” and press enter. Doing this will open the windows inbuilt disk part utility which is used to manage the storage on your computer. Now you have to wait until the DiskPart utility starts running.


4. In the new diskpart window, type “list disk” and hit Enter. It will display all the active disks present on your computer. Here, you will see several disks.

Diskpart List Disk

5. Select the appropriate one based on the size of the disk. In our case, it is Disk 2.

Type “select disk 2” in the same window and hit Enter. You will now get a prompt “Disk 2 is now the selected disk” That means any commands now will operate on Disk 2 directly.

Diskpart Select Disk

6. Now, type “clean” and hit Enter to remove all of the data present in your USB drive. This command will completely format your USB drive. Now, you will get a prompt “Diskpart succeeded in cleaning the disk”.

Protect Your Online Privacy With Surfshark
[The VPN that we use here at Tech Arrival]

Diskpart Clean

7. To convert the disk to MBR, type “convert mbr”, otherwise for GPT, type “convert gpt”. Use the recommendations provided below:

i) For Windows 7 or earlier: Prefer MBR
ii) For Windows 8 or later: Prefer GPT
iii) For any other OS: Refer to the official guidelines

Note: The latest devices support UEFI non-CSM, however, if you are running it on an older device then your best bet will be to use MBR.

Creating MBR Bootable USB Drive (The Easiest Way)

Diskpart Convert Mbr

8. Type “create partition primary” and hit Enter. You will now get a prompt “DiskPart succeeded in creating the specified partition.”

Diskpart Create Partition Primary

9. Type “select partition 1” and hit Enter. It will choose partition 1 for setting up it as an active partition.

Diskpart Select Partition

10. Now, type “active” and hit Enter. It will activate the current partition for you to work on.

11. Now you have to type “format fs=ntfs quick” and hit Enter. This command will finally format your current partition as an NTFS file system.

Diskpart Ntfs Quick Format

12. To exit, simply type “exit” and hit Enter. The command will close the DiskPart utility but not the CMD window.

Diskpart Exit

13. Now that you have successfully formatted your USB Drive, It’s time to copy the data from the ISO Image present on your PC or a DVD to your USB drive. Doing this will successfully turn your USB flash drive into a bootable Windows USB drive.

Windows 10 Copy Files

Creating GPT Bootable USB Drive (The Advanced Way)

Diskpart Convert Gpt

8. Instead of a single partition to make an MBR bootable USB drive, here, you will need to create two partitions because natively without supplying the NTFS drivers UEFI will not be able to use the NTFS partition. It can only recognize FAT32 natively.

i) EFI Partition: “create partition primary size=64”
ii) Data Partition: “create partition primary”

Diskpart Gpt Partitions

9. Select first partition using “select partition 1” and format is as FAT32 file system using “format fs=fat32 quick”.

Diskpart Gpt Format Fat32 Efi Partition

10. Select second partition using “select partition 2” and format is as FAT32 file system using “format fs=ntfs quick”.

Diskpart Gpt Format Ntfs Data Partition

11. Download the latest NTFS EFI Drivers from https://github.com/pbatard/rufus/tree/master/res/uefi. Download the file named “uefi-ntfs.img”. Extract the content of the file using 7zip and copy it to the partition 1 (64MB).

Protect Your Online Privacy With Surfshark
[The VPN that we use here at Tech Arrival]

Efi Drivers Rufus


Download the latest NTFS EFI Drivers from https://efi.akeo.ie/downloads/efifs-latest/. You will find four folders there namely “aa64”, “arm”, “ia32” & “x64”. From each folder download the file starting with ntfs. We have downloaded the following files:

i) ntfs_x64.efi
ii) ntfs_ia32.efi
iii) ntfs_aa64.efi
iv) ntfs_arm.efi

In the partition 1 (64 MB), create a folder named “EFI” on the 64MB partition and inside that folder create another folder named “Boot”. Copy the above-downloaded file in the folder.

Efi Drivers Download

13. To exit, simply type “exit” and hit Enter. The command will close the DiskPart utility but not the CMD window.

14. Now, copy all the content of the ISO image or DVD in the partition 2. You now have a GPT + UEFI (non-CSM) bootable USB drive.

Windows 10 Copy Files

Installing Windows

Windows 10 Installation Screen

Note: If you chose the GPT option in step 7, then make sure that secure boot is disabled. You can enable it once the installation of windows is complete.

You have successfully copied the file contents of DVD into the USB drive and it is now bootable. In order to boot up a new computer, follow these steps –

  1. When your computer starts after powered on. Some function key (Generally F8/F12) is used to go into boot device selection. Just make sure to insert the USB drive before powering on the computer and select your drive.
  2. The other method which was traditionally used was to change the boot device order from the BIOS menu. For this, you will have to go to bios settings and change the boot order. (See motherboard manufacturer website for more information.)

Final Words

Having a bootable USB drive for Windows is super convenient as these days, we don’t really opt for DVD and other options. And if your PC doesn’t come with Windows preinstalled, or perhaps if you have set up your own system, setting up Windows shouldn’t be a problem if you have got the bootable USB drive ready.

We hope our instructions are well stated and clear enough for you to follow. But in case any problem persists, please comment down below and we’ll surely rectify it.

“As an Amazon Associate & Affiliate Partners of several other brands we earn from qualifying purchases.” [Read More Here]


  1. Hi Mehul,

    Thank you so much for sharing this valuable post on creating bootable pendrive windows using cmd.

  2. Superb and helpful post for me. I have been posted this article on my blog in Hindi. I like the way of your article writing and design of your blog. Thank You very Much.

Leave a Comment

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

By submitting the above comment form, you agree to our Privacy Policy and agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website.

Stay Connected

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Stay updated with all the latest news, offers and special announcements.

By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Policy and agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website.

Latest Posts

Effective Strategies to Secure Your Cloud Infrastructure and Safeguard Your Business

Cloud computing is an essential element in modern businesses due to its scalability, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness. With the widespread adoption of digital transformation, security...

10 Best WhatsApp Privacy Settings to Protect Yourself (2023)

WhatsApp has recently introduced many features to safeguard its users from SPAM and Illicit activities. Some of these features are turned on by default,...

Can You See Who Screenshotted Your WhatsApp Status?

From hiding your profile picture to limiting your audience for status, WhatsApp has introduced many features to increase the privacy level of the app. Like...

How to Automatically Spin Down or Sleep HDD on Debian

It is probably not a great idea to let your HDD spin forever on a server that is always on. Whether you are using...

What is the Black Spot on Phone Screen & How to Fix It?

Smartphone screens are delicate and can get damaged easily. One common issue smartphone users face is the black spot on phone screen. A black spot...

All Time Favorites

11 Best WiFi Hacking Apps for Android (2023)

Today, almost anywhere we go, we are surrounded by tons of WiFi Networks, whether at our homes, hotels, workplaces, or even public places like...

17 Best Illegal Android Apps Not on Play Store (2023)

Google Play Store has the most extensive collection of apps for Android. Almost everyone downloads apps from the Play Store. However, certain genuinely excellent...

15 Best Game Hacking Apps for Android (2023)

Are you a mobile gamer? If you are, then you've come to the right place. This post will tell you about the Best Game...

How to Download Torrent Files with IDM (Torrent to IDM)

Hey guys, you may all have heard about different ways to download torrent files. And some of you may also have downloaded them using...

11 Best Download Managers for Windows

The Internet is a vast resource of a lot of things which includes music, videos, movies and a lot of other things. The ability...